Arctic Maps

Ocean Currents and Sea Ice Extent
Ocean Currents and Sea Ice Extent

Expert Opinions

The resumption of Russia’s active military presence in the Arctic will make it possible to expedite research projects and expeditions and to improve the regional air-defense system

Arctic Facts


The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.


The number of seas surrounding the Arctic Ocean, which includes the East Siberian, Laptev, Kara, Barents, Norwegian, Greenland, Beaufort, and Chukchi.


The distance in miles that isotherms (bands of average temperatures) have shifted northward during the last 30 years. This means that the Arctic—as defined by temperature—is shrinking.

Arctic Watch


Shamanic Ritual

A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.


Arctic WWII

During WWII, Germans were making agressive efforts in the Arctic. Since the Arctic is a shortage route connecting Russia's east and west. In addition, humanitartian aid from the allies arrived via the northern sea route.