Arctic Maps

Ocean Currents and Sea Ice Extent
Ocean Currents and Sea Ice Extent

Expert Opinions

The resumption of Russia’s active military presence in the Arctic will make it possible to expedite research projects and expeditions and to improve the regional air-defense system

Arctic Facts


The average annual volume of ice, in billions of tons, shed by the Greenland Ice Sheet from 2003–2006. Over the past decade the overall discharge of icebergs on Greenland has surged by 30 percent.


The average area, per decade, by which Arctic sea ice has shrunk during late summer since 1979. Many scientists now believe the Arctic Ocean could be seasonally ice-free within a few decades.


The number of seas surrounding the Arctic Ocean, which includes the East Siberian, Laptev, Kara, Barents, Norwegian, Greenland, Beaufort, and Chukchi.

Arctic Watch


Shamanic Ritual

A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.


Polar Bear Patrols

Polar bears in the Russian Arctic are being protected by local polar bear patrols, consisting of volunterers that understand polar bear behavior. Polar bears are the world's largest predator.