Arctic Maps

Greenland Ice Cap
Greenland Ice Cap

Expert Opinions

The resumption of Russia’s active military presence in the Arctic will make it possible to expedite research projects and expeditions and to improve the regional air-defense system

Arctic Facts


The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.


The estimated amount of carbon, in gigatons, locked up in northern permafrost. As temperatures rise, the reservoir is leaking carbon dioxide and methane to the atmosphere.


The distance in miles that isotherms (bands of average temperatures) have shifted northward during the last 30 years. This means that the Arctic—as defined by temperature—is shrinking.

Arctic Watch


Shamanic Ritual

A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.


Arctic Ice and its Role

Arctic ice plays an important role in the climate system. It influences the environment across the globe.