The average annual volume of ice, in billions of tons, shed by the Greenland Ice Sheet from 2003–2006. Over the past decade the overall discharge of icebergs on Greenland has surged by 30 percent.
The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.
The distance in miles that isotherms (bands of average temperatures) have shifted northward during the last 30 years. This means that the Arctic—as defined by temperature—is shrinking.
A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.
During WWII, Germans were making agressive efforts in the Arctic. Since the Arctic is a shortage route connecting Russia's east and west. In addition, humanitartian aid from the allies arrived via the northern sea route.
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