The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.
The average annual volume of ice, in billions of tons, shed by the Greenland Ice Sheet from 2003–2006. Over the past decade the overall discharge of icebergs on Greenland has surged by 30 percent.
The average area, per decade, by which Arctic sea ice has shrunk during late summer since 1979. Many scientists now believe the Arctic Ocean could be seasonally ice-free within a few decades.
A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.
During WWII, Germans were making agressive efforts in the Arctic. Since the Arctic is a shortage route connecting Russia's east and west. In addition, humanitartian aid from the allies arrived via the northern sea route.
Watch out for our newsletter. Coming soon.