Arctic Maps

Sea Ice - Icebergs
Sea Ice - Icebergs

Expert Opinions

The resumption of Russia’s active military presence in the Arctic will make it possible to expedite research projects and expeditions and to improve the regional air-defense system

Arctic Facts


The distance in miles that isotherms (bands of average temperatures) have shifted northward during the last 30 years. This means that the Arctic—as defined by temperature—is shrinking.


The average annual volume of ice, in billions of tons, shed by the Greenland Ice Sheet from 2003–2006. Over the past decade the overall discharge of icebergs on Greenland has surged by 30 percent.


The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.

Arctic Watch


Shamanic Ritual

A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.


Arctic Oil and Gas

A quarter of the world's oil and gas reserves are trapped under the arctic ice. These waters were first explored with Arctic icebreaker ships.