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Arctic Maps

Ocean Currents and Sea Ice Extent
Ocean Currents and Sea Ice Extent

Expert Opinions

The resumption of Russia’s active military presence in the Arctic will make it possible to expedite research projects and expeditions and to improve the regional air-defense system

Arctic Facts

10%

The average area, per decade, by which Arctic sea ice has shrunk during late summer since 1979. Many scientists now believe the Arctic Ocean could be seasonally ice-free within a few decades.

1,650

The estimated amount of carbon, in gigatons, locked up in northern permafrost. As temperatures rise, the reservoir is leaking carbon dioxide and methane to the atmosphere.

160

The average annual volume of ice, in billions of tons, shed by the Greenland Ice Sheet from 2003–2006. Over the past decade the overall discharge of icebergs on Greenland has surged by 30 percent.

Arctic Watch

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Shamanic Ritual

A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.

Video

New Arctic Transportation System will “set sail” by 2020

The Northern Sea Route is vital to the region’s economic development, given it will reduce cargo transportation time by almost two weeks - experts.