The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.
The number of seas surrounding the Arctic Ocean, which includes the East Siberian, Laptev, Kara, Barents, Norwegian, Greenland, Beaufort, and Chukchi.
The estimated amount of carbon, in gigatons, locked up in northern permafrost. As temperatures rise, the reservoir is leaking carbon dioxide and methane to the atmosphere.
A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.
The world’s first Arctic research station, North Pole 1, began its work 75 years ago, on May 21, 1937.
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