The fraction of Arctic lands governed by the Russian Federation and Canada.
The number of seas surrounding the Arctic Ocean, which includes the East Siberian, Laptev, Kara, Barents, Norwegian, Greenland, Beaufort, and Chukchi.
The estimated amount of carbon, in gigatons, locked up in northern permafrost. As temperatures rise, the reservoir is leaking carbon dioxide and methane to the atmosphere.
A Chukchi shaman performing a ritual.
The Northern Sea Route is vital to the region’s economic development, given it will reduce cargo transportation time by almost two weeks - experts.
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