Drilling a well for evaluating the response of permafrost layers to climate change
© Government of the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Area

Permafrost researchers to focus on Yamal buildings

Experts in Salekhard will simultaneously drill five thermometric wells for measuring the temperature of permafrost layers near permanent buildings. This will make it possible to see how these layers respond to climate change. The wells’ equipment will measure the temperature of permafrost layers every three hours at a depth of up to 12 meters.

The new online system for evaluating the condition of permafrost layers under various buildings in real time will help pinpoint premature melting and prevent possible emergencies.

Scientists from the Arctic Scientific Research Center have developed a program for assessing load-bearing capacities of foundations with cast-in-place piles. The program is part of the West Siberian Inter-Regional Science and Education Center’s activities. It also meets the tasks of the Science and Universities national project.

“Today, specialists from the Arctic Scientific Research Center are maintaining 28 permafrost-measuring systems under 11 facilities. They are constantly monitoring and analyzing incoming data, and they are developing software for calculating temperature fields, the load-bearing capacity of ground layers and analyzing incoming data,” said Deputy Director of the Arctic Scientific Research Center Artyom Gromadsky.

An automated geotechnical monitoring pilot project is underway in the Yamal region since 2022. Over 100 thermometric wells have been drilled to date under 14 permanent facilities. Experts will install thermometric equipment inside the wells this coming spring. A website receives and displays data from all equipped wells, with Yamal scientists analyzing it.